According to Rehabilitation Council of India (RCI), an Audiologist is a professional who has minimum degree in Audiology from a RCI recognized university. An audiologist should have done BASLP or B.Sc (speech & hearing). Audiologist can test and diagnose hearing and vestibular disorders based on different tests performed by them. They are also responsible for any type of non-medical or non-surgical rehabilitation related to specific disorder.
A Speech & Language Pathologist (SLP), also known as speech therapist, speech language therapist, language therapist. He / She must have done minimum BASLP to practice independently. A speech therapist is involved in rehabilitation of wide range of speech & language disorders like Misarticulation, Autism, Delayed Speech & language Development, Fluency disorders, Aural-Oral rehabilitation of Children with Hearing Impairment, AVT and many other. They also play a very important role in rehabilitation of Speech, Language & Voice of Adults with Speech & Language Disorders. They are also help people with Swallowing Disorders & Voice Problems.
Hearing Problems can be diagnosed at as early as 1 month of age. Newborn Hearing Screening can be done anytime after 12 hours of birth. After that, Diagnostic Hearing Tests should be performed within 1 month to diagnose the severity and type of Hearing Problem.
Hearing Loss can be due to many reasons, there are basically two type of hearing loss; conductive & sensorineural. Conductive hearing loss are can be restored through medicines or surgery. Sensorineural Hearing Loss are permanent hearing loss and can be restored only through amplification devices or cochlear implants.
The absence or deformity of outer ear (pinna/ ear canal) is also known as microtia or atresia. Children can be fitted with Bone-Conduction Devices or Cochlear Implants after assessment of type & severity of hearing loss.
If your child is diagnosed with hearing loss, you should not waste and fit her with hearing aids as soon as possible. Cochlear implantation can be done as early a 3 months of age. But any age between 6 months to 2 years is considered good age for cochlear implantation. Earlier the Implantation, better are the results.
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